Small places matter: Understanding how small places can boost their role for the development of a wider territory
Small and medium-sized places are an important pillar of Europe’s territorial DNA and home to a large part of Europe’s population. The pilot action’s focus is on the vital role of small towns and villages in the development of integrated territorial development processes, strengthening the territorial coordination of policies and cooperation between territories. The work addresses the questions: how can the Territorial Agenda become relevant for small places; and how can small places be ‘boosted’ in their role for territorial development? Of particular importance to the pilot action is finding new ways to strengthen the link between insights and momentum from bottom-up/local initiatives and top-down planning processes in relation to demographic change in small places and boosting their attractiveness to younger people either staying in the area or moving into it.
Rationale and link to Territorial Agenda
The pilot action directly engages with a number of priorities set out in the Territorial Agenda 2030, including ‘Balanced Europe’ and ‘Functional Regions’. More specific links are with the aims: to encourage all area types to cooperate on improving conditions in all areas, recognise the potential in areas with specific geographies (in this case more remote areas), and support dialogue with decision makers in towns of all sizes to apply an integrated multilevel governance approach.
The pilot action addresses key challenges set out in the Territorial Agenda 2030, in particular demographic and societal imbalances, and quality of life. The pilot action’s focus on the vital role of small towns and villages in the development of integrated territorial development processes also strengthens territorial coordination of policies and cooperation between territories, which are key elements of putting the Territorial Agenda 2030 into action.
The envisaged activities include:
- an initial meetings to exchange ideas and refine the focus between interested stakeholders,
- a phase to ‘harvest’ projects, identifying existing areas of relevant activity,
- followed by opportunities to showcase examples and network building activities.
As experienced in one of the selected projects, there is an opportunity to build a ‘cavalcade network’, which would be dynamic and evolving rather than a fixed partnership. Particular areas of interest already identified are around the issue of fostering educational and business links to boost the attractiveness of small towns, through working cross-sectorally to build capacity for local skills and jobs, and address territorial needs.
Partner exchanges have the potential to develop specific areas of interest to be followed up through targeted analyses in ESPON or Interreg projects, or working in new ways, e.g. through engagement with macroregional strategies and integrated territorial instruments.
Envisaged lessons and results
Key lessons/results from the pilot actions include the following elements:
- First, the pilot action will identify practical tools and approaches to address specific issues linked to demographic change in small places and boosting their attractiveness to younger people either staying in the area or moving into it.
- Second, the pilot action will highlight the importance of recognising and capitalising on existing activities and interactions in mobilising the Territorial Agenda. For example, Interreg programmes have already supported relevant projects. Their value and impact could be amplified through opportunities for wider exchange and support for capitalisation of their activities.
- Third, the pilot action will support better policy making, better linking the value in bottom-up, locally-oriented initiatives with regional and national level policy/strategy development and better mapping challenges and solutions, with a view to informing policy. It would also address an identified development gap which is not being addressed successfully either through market interventions or traditional regional policy interventions and demands new thinking, solutions and activities.
- Finally, the pilot action offers the scope to look to the future and consider how the COVID-19 crisis could inform thinking on small places responding to change, the desirability of more balanced development and the role of small places.
The opportunity to showcase and capitalise on ongoing, innovative actions is a key part of the pilot action. Partners in the pilot action aim to build new networks and links with interested territories and also use established networks to disseminate results. The pilot action can also use the Territorial Agenda hashtag to showcase and disseminate results.
The pilot action will primarily focus on scope to link and capitalise on existing interventions. Specific areas of interest could lead to joint project proposals for ESPON, Interact and other Interreg Programmes.
A third partner meeting is planned for September 2021. The meeting is an opportunity to broaden input on the direction and evolution of the pilot action. The pilot action is expected to run for a period of 3 years.
Partner contacts have been identified in Germany, Poland, Finland, Ireland and Switzerland, Sweden and Romania, and also the European Commission (DG REGIO and DG AGRI).
In addition, regional and local administrations in Norway have expressed an interest in the pilot action and links identified to a number of relevant project actions in different Interreg programmes.
Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation, Norway
Jan Edøy (Jan.Edoy@kmd.dep.no)
Key messages/ results/ updates:
The pilot’s focus is the vital role of small towns and villages in the development of integrated territorial development, strengthening the territorial coordination of policies, and cooperation between territories. Small towns and villages have a key role in rural regions, especially in relation to maintaining and developing small places as attractive places to live and work for young populations and identifying ways to strengthen the links between insights and momentum from bottom-up/local initiatives and top-down planning processes.
Following initial meetings establishing the partnership, pilot activities includes: a phase to ‘harvest’ projects, identify existing areas of relevant activity, and opportunities to showcase examples and network building activities. In line with the Territorial Agenda 2030, the pilot highlights the importance of all area types to cooperate on improving sustainable conditions in all areas, recognise the potential in areas with specific geographies, including rural and remote areas, and support dialogue with decision makers in towns of all sizes to apply an integrated multilevel governance approach. The EU Presidency, DG Agri, DG Regio and ESPON were active participants in the inception dialogues on the pilot and have highlighted opportunities for on-going engagement, and, in particular, the relevance of work on the Rural Vision
|6th May||Participation in the pilot action “A future for lagging regions: fostering the implementation of spatial strategies” kick-off event “Putting the Territorial Agenda 2030 into practice”, promoted by the German Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community (BMI) and the German Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development (BBSR)|
|Date (Jan-Jun 2021)||Main Activities|
|20th January||Kick off meeting for the Partnership.|
|18th February||Participation in the ESPON Joint session Pilots LAB TA2030, promoted by PT PRES & ESPON|
|16th March||Participation in the event “Territorial Cooperation Agenda 2030: Bringing Territoriality into Interreg”, promoted by Interact|
|25th March||Participation in the event “Territorial Agenda 2030: a future for all places, a future for rural areas”, integrated in the ‘Rural Vision Week: Imagining the future of Europe’s and promoted by PT PRES|
|28th April||2nd Partnership meeting|